Lee, together with Robert C. Richardson and graduate student, Doug Osheroff used a Pomeranchuk cell to investigate the behaviour of 3He at temperatures within a few thousandths of a degree of absolute zero. He is the third-youngest Nobel laureate in sciences in history after William L. Bragg (who won the prize at 25 with his father William H. Bragg in 1915) and Werner Heisenberg (who won in 1932 also at 30). The work that led to Lee's Nobel Prize was performed in the early 1970s. NobelPrize.org. To cite this section MLA style: The Nobel Prize in Physics 1996. The Nobel Prize in Physics 1996 was awarded jointly to David M. Lee, Douglas D. Osheroff and Robert C. Richardson "for their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3." Penrose will receive half the 10 million Swedish krona (roughly $1.1 million) prize; Ghez and Genzel will share the other half. Soon, his focus turned to particle physics and the developing puzzle of K meson decays. In 1974–75, Lee published several papers on "A New Form of Matter in High Density", which led to the modern field of RHIC physics, now dominating the entire high energy nuclear physics field. Lee served as research associate and lecturer in physics at the University of California at Berkeley from 1950 to 1951.[4]. In 1955 Lee entered the Ph.D. program at Yale University where he worked under Henry A. Fairbank in the low-temperature physics group, doing experimental research on liquid 3He. Nobel Prize in Physics. Lee's 80th Birthday and the 50th Anniversary of the Discovery of Parity Non-conservation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tsung-Dao_Lee&oldid=987072749, Brookhaven National Laboratory Nobel laureates, Members of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, Members of the United States National Academy of Sciences, Foreign members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Recipients of the Order of the Rising Sun, 2nd class, National Southwestern Associated University alumni, People with acquired American citizenship, BLP articles lacking sources from January 2016, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Articles needing more detailed references, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Nobelprize template using Wikidata property P8024, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, G. Bude Medal, Collège de France (1969, 1977), China National-International Cooperation Award (1995), Ministero dell'Interno Medal of the Government of Italy (1999), This page was last edited on 4 November 2020, at 19:06. He graduated from Harvard University in 1952 and then joined the U.S. Army for 22 months. Professor Wu nominated Lee for a Chinese government fellowship for graduate study in the US. In the summer of 2016, Lee lost his wife, Dana, due to un-diagnosed health issues. In 1964, Lee, with M. Nauenberg, analyzed the divergences connected with particles of zero rest mass, and described a general method known as the KLN theorem for dealing with these divergences, which still plays an important role in contemporary work in QCD, with its massless, self-interacting gluons. Shortly after arriving at Cornell he met his future wife, Dana, then a PhD student in another department; the couple went on to have two sons. for discovery of superfluidity in helium-3. Educator Robert C.T. He was a University Professor Emeritus at Columbia University, where he taught from 1953 until his retirement in 2012.[1]. "; which led to a series of publications by Lee and collaborators on the formulation of fundamental physics in terms of difference equations, but with exact invariance under continuous groups of translational and rotational transformations. Lee received Ph.D. under Fermi in 1950 for his research work Hydrogen Content of White Dwarf Stars. Besides particle physics, Lee has been active in statistical mechanics, astrophysics, hydrodynamics, many body system, solid state, lattice QCD. [4] His parents, Annette (Franks), a teacher, and Marvin Lee, an electrical engineer, were children of Jewish immigrants from England and Lithuania. Encouraged by this feasibility study, Lee made a systematic study of possible P,T,C and CP violations in weak interactions with collaborators, including C. N. Yang. From 1997 to 2003 Lee was director of the RIKEN-BNL Research Center (now director emeritus), which together with other researchers from Columbia, completed a 1 teraflops supercomputer QCDSP for lattice QCD in 1998 and a 10 teraflops QCDOC machine in 2001. After graduating from Yale in 1959, Lee took a job at Cornell University, where he was responsible for setting up the new Laboratory of Atomic and Solid State Physics. For the American stereophotographer, see, Laboratory of Atomic and Solid State Physics, National Institute of Standards and Technology, https://physics.tamu.edu/directory/david-lee/, http://media.www.thebatt.com/media/storage/paper657/news/2009/10/01/News/Nobel.Prize.Winner.Joins.Am.Faculty-3788924.shtml, "A&M lures Nobel Prize winner: Researcher of cold", "Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement", "A Letter from America's Physics Nobel Laureates", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=David_Lee_(physicist)&oldid=987904871, American people of British-Jewish descent, American people of Lithuanian-Jewish descent, Cornell Laboratory of Atomic and Solid State Physics, Members of the United States National Academy of Sciences, Foreign Members of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Oliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Prize winners, Nobelprize template using Wikidata property P8024, Articles with dead external links from January 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 22:49. In 1997, Lee received the Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement.[10]. However, again disrupted by a further Japanese invasion, Lee continued at the National Southwestern Associated University in Kunming the next year in 1945, where he studied with Professor Wu Ta-You. The Nobel Prize in Physics (Swedish: Nobelpriset i fysik) is awarded annually by the Royal … Since he became a naturalized American citizen in 1962, Lee is also the youngest American ever to have won a Nobel Prize. [citation needed], Division of Life Sciences and Medical Sciences, Division of Information Technical Sciences, Learn how and when to remove this template message, National Southwestern Associated University, National Institute of Standards and Technology, The Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star, Elementary Particles and Weak Interactions, High Energy Electromagnetic and Weak Interaction Processes, "A Letter from America's Physics Nobel Laureates", T.D. 1996 Nobel Laureate in Physics. His first work at Columbia was on a solvable model of quantum field theory better known as the Lee Model. Particular discoveries include the antiferromagnetic ordering in solid helium-3, nuclear spin waves in spin polarized atomic hydrogen gas with Jack H. Freed, and the tri-critical point on the phase separation curve of liquid 4He-3He, in collaboration with his Cornell colleague John Reppy. AVID M. LEE. 24 Nov 2020. Background. Initially, Lee registered as a student in the Department of Chemical Engineering. The Chun-Tsung scholarships, supervised by the United Board for Christian Higher Education in Asia (New York), are awarded to undergraduates, usually in their 2nd or 3rd year, at six universities, which are Shanghai Jiaotong University, Fudan University, Lanzhou University, Soochow University, Peking University and National Tsing Hua University. Lee is one of the 20 American recipients of the Nobel Prize in Physics to sign a letter addressed to President George W. Bush in May 2008, urging him to "reverse the damage done to basic science research in the Fiscal Year 2008 Omnibus Appropriations Bill" by requesting additional emergency funding for the Department of Energy’s Office of Science, the National Science Foundation, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology.[5]. "[1] Lee is professor emeritus of physics at Cornell University and distinguished professor of physics at Texas A&M University. https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/1957/lee/biographical He was a University Professor Emeritus at Columbia University, where he taught from 1953 until his retirement in 2012. Roger Penrose, Reinhard Genzel, and Andrea Ghez are to be awarded the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics for their theoretical and observational work on black holes, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announced on Tuesday. Three interesting facts about Lee: • His first work was on the renormalisable field theory model, better known as 'the Lee Model'.